9AUnit2词组、句型及语法复习提纲
2013-11-08 09:01:00   作者:admin   来源:高淳区二中   评论:0 点击:

9A Unit 2词组、句型及语法复习提纲 一、词组或短语 序号 Chinese English

9A Unit 2词组、句型及语法复习提纲

一、词组或短语

序号

Chinese

English

1

宁愿(不)做某事

would rather (not) do sth.

宁愿做事情1而不愿做事情2

would rather do sth.1 than do sth.2

2

宁愿

prefer = like better

宁愿(不)做某事

prefer (not) to do sth.

宁愿某人(不)做某事

prefer sb. (not) to do sth.

宁愿做事情1而不愿做事情2

prefer to do sth. 1 rather than do sth.2

喜欢A,而不喜欢B

(注意AB的要求)

prefer A to B = like A better than B

其中AB必须为名词、代词或动名词(短语)

3

使某人想起某事

remind sb. of sth.

提醒某人做某事

remind sb. to do sth.

4

一个充满色彩的世界

a world (full of colours)

5

被漆成蓝色

be painted blue

6

产生和谐感

create the feeling/sense of harmony

7

纯洁/智慧的颜色

the colour of purity/wisdom

8

感到焦虑不安/疲劳/放松

feel stressed/tired/relaxed

9

让某人高兴起来

cheer sb. up (代词放中间)

10

……..感到满意

be satisfied/pleased/contented with….

11

对精神和身体(身心)有好处

be good for the mind and body

12

给你带来成功

bring you success

13

保持一直做某事

keep doing sth.

保持某人一直做某事

keep sb. doing sth.

阻止某人做某事

keep/stop/prevent sb. from doing sth.

14

使我们感到高兴

make us feel happy

15

感到有一点点焦虑不安

feel a little bit stressed

16

做某事有困难

have difficulty (in) doing sth. = have difficulty with sth.

17

采取行动(做某事)

take action(s (to do sth.)

18

决定(做某事)

make a decisionto do sth.

19

为考试学习

study for exams

20

把油擦在人们的皮肤上

rub oil into people’s skin

21

最能代表

best represent

22

在测试中取得高分

get good marks in the tests

23

多虑

worry a lot/ worry too much

24

有很强的个性

have a strong personality

25

平静下来

calm down

26

保证你成功

promise you success

答应某人某事

promise sb. sth.

答应(某人)做某事

promise (sb.) to do sth.

promise + that宾从

27

在试衣室

in the fitting room

28

…..很远

be far (away) from…..

29

提高你的生活(质量)

improve your life

30

心情很好/

be in a good/bad mood

31

举动正常

act normally

32

想不到任何(能够去寻问的)人

can’t think of anyone (to ask )

想不到任何(能够去交谈的)人

can’t think of anyone (to talk to/with )

33

把卡片涂成桔黄色

colour the card orange

34

颜色疗法

colour therapy

35

色彩的力量

the power of color

36

将某物取回来

get sth. back (代词放中间)

37

大学毕业

leave college

38

穿在某人身上很好看

look good on sb.

穿红色很好看

look good in red

39

黑色/苍白皮肤的人

people with dark/pale skin

40

金发

blonde hair

41

给你快乐和满足感

give you a happy and contented feeling

42

/送给某人一张电子卡片

send sb. an e-card=send an e-card to sb.

43

(生活在寒冷气候下的)人们

people living in cold climates

44

打电话给某人

telephone/phone/ring/call sb.= ring/call sb.up

=give sb. a call/ring

= make phone calls to sb.

45

给某人建议

give advice to sb.=give sb. advice

向某人征求意见

ask sb. for advice

46

整个下午

all the afternoon = the whole afternoon

47

穿着….衣服

wear… = be in… = get/be dressed in…=have on…

48.

去买衣服

go shopping for clothes

49

确保;务必(做某事)

make sure + that 宾从 / make sure (to do sth.)

50

体力和脑力

physical and mental strength

51

△与….相处和谐

be in harmony with ……

二、重点句子及句型:

1. ★★I’d rather wear blue than pink.=I prefer wearing blue to wearing pink.我宁愿穿蓝色也不愿穿粉红色。

2. ★★There’s nothing wrong with pink.=There isn’t anything wrong with pink.

=Nothing is wrong with pink.粉红色没有什么不妥阿。

3. Blue looks good on him.=He looks good in blue. 蓝色穿在你身上和很好看。

4. We live in a world (full of colours). 我们住在一个充满色饿彩的世界上。

5. This report explains what colours can do and characteristics( they represent).

这份报告解释了颜色能做什么以及(它们所代表的)特征。

6. ★★★Wearing blue clothes or sleeping in a blue room is good for the mind and body because this colour creates a feeling of harmony. 穿着蓝色衣服或睡在蓝色的房间里对我么难得身心都很有好处, 因为这种颜色能够使人产生和谐的感觉。

7. Warm colours can give you a happy and contented feeling. People (living in cold climates) prefer to use warm colours in their homes to create a warm and comfortable feeling there. 暖色能给你一种快乐和满足感。(生活在寒冷气候下的)人们较喜欢在家里用温暖的颜色来创造一种温暖而舒服的感觉。

8. Orange can bring you success and cheer you up when you are feeling sad.

橙色能带给你成功,在你感到难过时它能使你高兴起来。

9. ★★★Yellow is the colour of the sun, so it can remind you of a warm, sunny day.

黄色是太阳的颜色,因此它可以让你想起温暖、阳光灿烂的日子。

10. Green is the colour of nature and it represents new life and growth.绿色是大自然的颜色,它代表着新生命和成长。

11. I wanted to buy you your favourite comic but there was none left in the shop.

12. ★★★Wearing red can also make it easier for you to take action.

This can help when you are having difficulty making a decision.

穿红色衣服能使你更容易采取行动。 当你很难做出决定时它能起一定作用。

13. I think the colour (to represent Lisa) is yellow. 我认为最能代表Lisa的颜色是黄色。

14. Simon has a strong personality and likes to be the leader. Simon有很强的个性,他喜欢做领导。

15. We met some friends and went shopping for clothes together. Daniel was in a bad mood and didn’t talk to anybody all the afternoon. 我们昨天去买衣服。Daniel心情不好,整个下午都不跟任何人讲话。

16. Everyone seemed to have a secret or was just not acting normally.

=It seemed that everyone had a secret or was just not acting normally. 似乎每个人都有秘密或者说表现不太正常。

17. ★★I can’t think of anyone (to ask).=I can think of nobody (to ask). 我想不到该去问谁。

18. People (with dark hair and dark skin) look good in red and purple. (黑发黑皮肤的)人穿红色和紫色好看。

19. She can advise people what colours to wear. 她可以建议人们穿什么颜色的衣服。

I can’t decide which one to buy. (类似结构)我不能决定该买哪一个。

20. She wants to write about the moods of people by looking at the colours of their clothes.

她想写通过人们衣着颜色看他们的情绪。

21. She wants to make herself look more powerful. 她想使自己看起来更为强壮一些。

22. We promise to help you successfully change your moods, or you will get your money back.

23. ★★Maybe she feels weak, and that is why she is wearing red.

= Maybe she feels weak, that is the reason (why she is wearing red).

24. Red and white are a good match, as the powerful red balances the calm white.

红色和白色是很好的搭配,因为代表强壮的红色中和了宁静的白色。

25. ★★He would rather stay at home than go shopping.

=He prefers staying at home to going shopping. 他宁愿步行去那儿也不愿坐车去。

26. ★★The skirt looks good on you.= The skirt fits/suits/matches you well. 这件衬衫很适合你。

27. He likes coffee with nothing in it.= He likes coffee without anything in it. 他喜欢不加任何东西的咖啡。

28. Nothing is difficult in the world, put your heart into it.

29. None of the buses go to town. Neither of them is a middle school student. 这些车没有一辆去镇上。他们俩都不是中学生。(none 用于三者; neither用于二者,都是否定词)

30. You’re right, he does look like Mr Wu. 他的确看起来像吴老师。(这里的does是助动词起强调作用,意为:的确)

三、语法:(详见课本上笔记)

1. Would rather….句型的用法

★★★would rather 的主要句型有以下2种:

①、would rather (not) do sth. 宁愿(不)做某事

②、would rather do sth.1 than (do) sth.2 宁愿做事情1,而不愿做事情2. (在此句型中,如果两个动词相同则后面一个动词可以省略。)

2. Prefer=like…better)和prefer…to…的用法

★★★prefer的重点句型有以下几种:

.prefer (not) to do sth. 宁愿(不)做某事= would rather (not) do sth.

.prefer sb. (not) to do sth. 宁愿某人()去做某事

. prefer to do sth.1 rather than do sth.2 宁愿做事情1,而不愿做事情2.

=would rather do sth.1 than (do) sth.2

=prefer doing sth.1 to doing sth.2 (这种句型属于第④种句型,to为介词)

prefer A to B = like A better than B 喜欢A,而不喜欢B

(此句型中to为介词,其中AB 可以是名词、代词、动名词或动名词短语)

3、由some, any ,no, every.构成的复合不定代词的用法

▲由someany no every 可以与one ,body ,thing构成复合不定代词,它们的用法与some. any 的用法相同。如:

-some

-any

-no

-every

-body

Somebody(有人,某人)

Anybody(任何人)

Nobody(没有人)

Everybody(每人,人人)

-one

Someone(有人,某人)

Anyone(任何人)

No one(没有人)

Everyone(人人,每人)

-thing

Something(某事)

Anything(任何事)

Nothing(没有东西)

Everything(一切,事事)

★★★学习时请特别注意以下几点:

1.以上不定代词做主语时,谓语动词用单数形式.

2.不定代词被形容词、动词不定式修饰时, 该形容词、动词不定式要放在其后。

3.在表示请求、建议或邀请等期待一个肯定回答时,用some系列, 而不用any系列。

4. any系列一般用于否定句和疑问句中,但如有必要也可用于肯定句或if条件从句中,表示“任何人(物/事)”的含义.

5.当句中有little, few, seldom, hardlynever, without等半否定意义的副词、形容词、介词或如too…to等具有否定意义的其它结构时,通常用any系列词项。如:

6.every系列一般用于肯定句中,如果用于否定句则表示部分否定(不完全否定)。如:

7.everyone, everybody, nobody, no one(指人的不定代词)出现的上下文中,要用复数人称代词与之对应。everythingsomething等代替物的不定代词出现的上下文中,要用单数it来代替。

8. 当陈述句的主语是指人的复合不定代词(-one,-body)时,其反意疑问部分的主语用they

当陈述句的主语是指物的复合不定代词(-thing)时,其反意疑问部分的主语用it.

9.回答how many how much开头的问句用 none, 回答who开头的问句用 nobody no one回答what 引导的问句用nothing。如:

10.注意none, nothing, no one的区别: none 可以和of 连用,其它的不能和of连用; none all 反义。

none用法补充:none既可指人,也可指物,它只是指在一定范围内,代替上下文已出现过的名词。none可指没有人或没有东西,在句中作定主语或宾语。作主语时,谓语动词可用单数,也可用复数。 Nothing表示“没有什么东西”,只能指物,不能指人,同时没有任何限制No one=nobody) 一般用来指人,使用时不受一定范围的限制。

最后更新 ( 2013年11月08日 21:36,星期五 )

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